4 Reasons Why Japan Semiconductor Dreams May Be in Trouble

From a labor shortage hindering construction to concerns about technological competition against industry giants like TSMC and Samsung, and even legal disputes over alleged trade secret disclosures, the path to semiconductor resurgence is far from smooth.


In recent years, the semiconductor industry has taken center stage in the global economy, with a growing demand for chips in various applications ranging from consumer electronics to automotive technology.

Japan, a nation renowned for its technological prowess, is making a bold push to re-emerge as a chip powerhouse. The groundbreaking for Rapidus, a joint venture in the semiconductor space, in Hokkaido serves as a testament to Japan’s ambitious ¥5tn ($34bn) endeavor.

Trade minister Yasutoshi Nishimura’s claim that Chitose might eclipse Silicon Valley underscores the nation’s aspirations. However, Rapidus’s journey is laden with obstacles that warrant a closer look.

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1. Labor Shortage

One of the significant challenges facing the Rapidus venture is a labor shortage in the construction industry. Since 2009, there has been a 30% drop in construction workers in Japan.

This shortage, combined with Hokkaido’s lack of an established chip industry ecosystem, poses significant hiring challenges. Building a Semicon facility of this magnitude requires a skilled workforce with expertise in various construction and engineering disciplines.

Additionally, the depreciating yen further complicates matters, making overseas recruitment more challenging and costly.

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2. Technological Expertise in semiconductor

While Japan has a storied history of innovation and technological advancement, there are concerns about Rapidus’s ability to match the industry titans like TSMC and Samsung in terms of chip quality.

While the venture has the support of IBM’s R&D strength, the Semicon market is highly competitive and demands constant innovation.

Ensuring that Rapid us can produce chips that meet the rigorous standards of modern technology is crucial to its success.)

3. Legal Concerns in semiconductor

Legal challenges also loom over the Rapidus venture. Global Foundries, a semicon manufacturer, has alleged that IBM disclosed trade secrets to Rapidus, potentially giving the new venture an unfair advantage.

Such legal disputes can be time-consuming and expensive, potentially delaying or derailing Rapidus’s progress. Resolving these allegations and ensuring a level playing field in the semiconductor industry will be critical.

4. Funding Gaps

Financing is another pressing issue for Rapidus. Mass chip production requires significant investment, with an estimated need of ¥5tn. While the Japanese government and corporate backers have committed a fraction of this amount, there remains a substantial funding gap.

Relying on public and private investment to bridge this gap will be crucial to the venture’s success. Securing adequate funding is not only essential for construction and initial operations but also for ongoing research and development efforts.


In conclusion, Japan’s ambitious push to re-emerge as a semiconductor powerhouse through the Rapidus venture is commendable, but the path is rife with challenges.

Labor shortages, technological competition, legal concerns, and funding gaps all pose significant obstacles.

The success or failure of this endeavor could reshape the global chip landscape.

To overcome these challenges, Japan will need to leverage its strengths in technology and innovation, invest heavily in workforce development, foster collaboration between industry stakeholders, and navigate the legal complexities surrounding trade secrets.

If successful, Rapidus could indeed help Japan regain its status as a semicon leader and contribute to the evolution of the global semicon industry. Only time will tell if Japan’s aspirations to eclipse Silicon Valley in the chip sector will come to fruition.

Editorial Team
Editorial Team
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