India’s Journey to Semiconductor Supremacy

India's tech prowess has long been centered around software innovation, but now the nation sets its sights on a new frontier: semiconductor manufacturing. As India aims to break into the global market, challenges loom large, but opportunities for growth and innovation abound. Will India rise to the occasion and become a semiconductor powerhouse?


India’s technological advancements have predominantly been in the software domain. However, the country is now eyeing hardware, particularly semiconductors, to strengthen its position in the global market. A recent memorandum of understanding between the United States and India aims to establish a semiconductor supply chain and innovation partnership. This article explores the challenges India faces inSemiconductor Supremacy and the potential opportunities that lie ahead.

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The Need to Shift Focus to Hardware

India has excelled in the software industry, fostering digital technologies for digital payments, e-commerce, and digital identities. While software companies can pivot easily, hardware technologies, like semiconductors, present higher entry barriers. As a result, India remains heavily dependent on importing hardware technology. To create a more robust economy and manufacturing jobs, a shift towards semiconductor manufacturing becomes essential.

India’s Current Position

Presently, India’s capabilities in large-scale semiconductor manufacturing are almost non-existent. The country must acknowledge this fact and address the gaps to integrate into global semiconductor supply chains effectively.

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The Role of Semiconductor Manufacturing

Semiconductor manufacturing is crucial for India due to various reasons:

a. Job Creation: Establishing semiconductor manufacturing facilities would create employment opportunities in the manufacturing sector, contributing to economic growth.

b. Supply Chain Advancement: Encouraging domestic semiconductor manufacturing will strengthen India’s electronics supply chains, reducing reliance on imports.

c. Knowledge Transfer: Building a manufacturing base ensures the transfer of knowledge gained through “learning by doing” to domestic firms, fostering innovation and expertise in the long run.

d. Friend shoring for Hardware Capabilities: Friend shoring, a phenomenon where countries forge partnerships to enhance each other’s capabilities, can play a vital role in augmenting India’s hardware sector. Collaborating with countries like the United States can offer valuable insights and support for India’s semiconductor manufacturing journey.

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India’s potential in the semiconductor manufacturing sector is promising, but it requires strategic efforts and partnerships to succeed. By shifting its focus to hardware technologies, India can create employment opportunities, strengthen its electronics supply chains, and foster knowledge transfer within the country. The PLI scheme and collaborations with global partners are steps in the right direction to position India as a significant player in the semiconductor industry. However, it will require sustained commitment and effective policies to establish a thriving semiconductor manufacturing base in the country.

Editorial Team
Editorial Team
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