How TSMC Triumphed in Japan and Found Hurdles in US in Global Expansion

TSMC is gearing up to launch a state-of-the-art TSMC's chipmaking plant in Japan, slated for February as part of its global expansion plan.


In the midst of a global semiconductor shortage that has reverberated across industries, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) is gearing up to launch a state-of-the-art TSMC’s chipmaking plant in Japan, slated for February as part of its global expansion plan.

Additionally, this strategic expansion comes at a crucial time, aiming to address the ongoing semiconductor shortage and fortify Japan’s technology infrastructure. Concurrently, TSMC is grappling with delays in the construction of its planned plant in the United States.

This blog post will explore the deeper implications of TSMC’s expansion into Japan and the challenges it is encountering in the US, underscoring the vital importance of these developments in the broader context of the global semiconductor industry.

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Why is TSMC Doing Global Expansion?

Meeting Rising Demand:

  • The global demand for semiconductors is skyrocketing due to the growth of various industries like AI, 5G, and electric vehicles. TSMC needs to expand its production capacity to meet this demand.

Diversifying Production & Geography:

  • Currently, most of TSMC’s production is concentrated in Taiwan. This geographic concentration poses risks, like natural disasters or geopolitical tensions. Expanding to other regions helps diversify production and mitigate these risks.

Serving Customers Better:

  • Building fabs closer to major customers in the US, Europe, and Asia reduces shipping costs and lead times, allowing TSMC to offer better service and flexibility to their clients.

Accessing Talent & Resources:

  • Expanding to new regions allows TSMC to tap into new talent pools and access resources (water, energy) that might be limited in Taiwan.

Addressing Geopolitical Concerns:

  • The recent global chip shortage and tensions surrounding Taiwan have highlighted the importance of diversifying chip production. Expanding globally helps alleviate concerns about overreliance on any single region for chip manufacturing.

Staying Competitive:

  • Other major chipmakers like Samsung and Intel are also expanding globally. By doing the same, TSMC maintains its competitive edge in the market.

These are some of the key reasons why TSMC is undertaking its ambitious global expansion strategy.

TSMC Global Expansion into Japan:

TSMC’s collaboration with Sony to establish a fabrication facility in Kumamoto, Japan, signifies a harmonious blend of technological prowess, government support, and existing infrastructure. The Japanese government’s backing, coupled with the presence of established chipmaking infrastructure, has paved the way for a promising venture. Production, slated to commence by 2024, will primarily cater to mature technologies catering to the automotive sector and other industries.

The strategic alignment between TSMC and Sony capitalizes on their respective strengths, fostering a mutually beneficial partnership that enhances Japan’s semiconductor capabilities. By leveraging Japan’s expertise in manufacturing and TSMC’s cutting-edge technologies, this venture not only addresses chip shortages but also strengthens regional resilience against geopolitical risks.

Read More: How Llama 3 is Pioneering the Dawn of Artificial General Intelligence – techovedas

TSMC Global Expansion: Challenges in the US

Contrastingly, TSMC’s solo venture in Arizona encounters a distinct array of hurdles, including higher costs, a slower permitting process, and fierce competition for talent and resources. Despite these challenges, TSMC remains committed to expansion, with production slated to begin in 2025. The US facility aims to produce more advanced chips for high-performance computing and smartphones, reflecting TSMC’s strategic positioning in cutting-edge technologies.

The hurdles faced in the US underscore the multifaceted nature of global expansion, where economic, regulatory, and talent-related factors significantly influence outcomes. TSMC’s perseverance amidst these challenges reflects its unwavering dedication to meeting the growing demand for semiconductors while navigating the intricacies of international markets.

Read More: What are Major Semiconductor Companies in Europe – techovedas

Diverse Focus and Production Capacity:

The Japanese facility prioritizes mature technologies, boasting a faster time to market and lower risk due to its focus on established technologies. With an estimated production capacity of 10,000 wafers per month, the Kumamoto plant represents a smaller-scale operation optimized for efficiency and reliability.

In contrast, the US facility in Arizona aims for cutting-edge chips, targeting high-performance computing and smartphones. Despite facing higher costs and regulatory complexities, the larger-scale operation is expected to produce an estimated 20,000 wafers per month, reflecting TSMC’s commitment to meeting evolving market demands.

Overall Implications:

TSMC’s global expansion epitomizes broader industry trends of diversification and regionalization, aiming to mitigate supply chain vulnerabilities and geopolitical uncertainties. The experiences in Japan and the US offer valuable insights into the nuanced dynamics of market entry and operations in diverse regions. While success in Japan underscores the importance of synergistic partnerships and conducive regulatory environments, challenges in the US highlight the need for resilience and adaptability in navigating complex market landscapes.


TSMC’s expansion into Japan and the delays in its US plant construction carry significant importance in the context of the global semiconductor industry. Furthermore,meeting immediate market demands, these developments emphasize the need for a diversified and resilient supply chain. Moreover, TSMC’s initiatives underscore the vital role of semiconductor manufacturers in shaping technological advancements, fostering global collaborations, and contributing to economic growth.

Editorial Team
Editorial Team
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