Why Nvidia Suffered Its Biggest Market Cap Wipeout in History on Friday

This decline comes in the wake of the United States government's directive to Nvidia and its competitor AMD to halt the export of AI chips to China,.


Nvidia, a leading player in the realm of artificial intelligence (AI) and computing chips, Suffered Its Biggest Market Cap Wipeout as its stocks plummeted by 5.5%.

This drastic drop, the largest since May, was unforeseen given the company’s stellar performance throughout the year, with shares surging by 77% in 2024 alone.

However, this decline comes in the wake of the United States government’s directive to Nvidia and its competitor AMD to halt the export of AI chips to China, signaling a potential disruption in one of Nvidia’s key markets.

Nvidia Market Value & Suffered Its Biggest Market Cap Wipeout

The repercussions of Friday’s stock plunge were profound, with Nvidia’s market value witnessing a staggering loss of around $130 billion, marking one of the most significant single-day losses in the history of the U.S. stock market. Despite this setback, Nvidia’s robust performance in 2024 has positioned the company well above its previous stock split level, prompting speculation about another split.


Factors Driving Nvidia’s Stock Surge:

Nvidia’s remarkable ascent in the stock market has been primarily fueled by optimism surrounding the demand for its AI computing chips. This surge has propelled Nvidia to become the third-largest company in the S&P 500, trailing only behind tech giants Microsoft Corp. and Apple Inc.

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Reasons Behind Nvidia Suffered Its Biggest Market Cap Wipeout:

Friday’s decline in Nvidia’s shares was influenced by broader market trends, particularly a downturn in high-performing chip stocks. Additionally, concerns about an overbought market and stretched positioning contributed to the cooling down of Nvidia’s stock, as investors reacted to abnormal gains in abnormal times.

There were two main factors that contributed to Nvidia’s share price cooling off:

  • Broader Market Sell-Off: The overall stock market, including the S&P 500 and Nasdaq, experienced a pullback from record highs on the day Nvidia’s shares dropped. This decline wasn’t specific to Nvidia, but rather a correction across many high-performing stocks.
  • Economic Uncertainty: A mixed labor market report added to the market’s jitters. The report showed a higher number of new jobs than expected, but also an increase in the unemployment rate. This ambiguity created uncertainty about the future of the economy, which can cause investors to pull back from riskier assets like tech stocks.
  • Restricted Chip Sales: The US has imposed new export controls targeting China’s ability to access advanced computing and semiconductor technology. This could limit Nvidia’s ability to sell certain high-end chips to China, a major market.
  • Uncertainty for Future Sales: The ever-evolving restrictions create uncertainty for Nvidia in terms of what they can and can’t sell to China in the future. This can make investors wary and affect stock price.

These combined factors led to a significant drop in Nvidia’s share price, resulting in the largest market cap wipeout in the company’s history.

Read More: How NVIDIA GPUs have Evolved From Tesla to Ampere to Hopper – techovedas

Impact on Wall Street and Tech Sector:

The ripple effects of Nvidia’s stock decline extended beyond the company itself, impacting the broader technology sector and Wall Street at large. Other tech giants like Tesla Inc. and Broadcom Inc. also witnessed significant slumps, reflecting the overall sentiment of caution among investors amidst a volatile market environment.

Read More: What are 5 Waves of AI Computing: From Big Bang to Autonomy – techovedas

Market Performance on Friday:

Despite initially positive trends driven by mixed U.S. job market data, the S&P 500 retreated from its previous day’s all-time high, with the index concluding the day down 0.7%. The Dow and Nasdaq also experienced declines, with Nvidia’s unexpected downturn contributing to the overall market downturn.


Nvidia’s recent stock plummet underscores the vulnerability of even the most dominant players in the tech industry to regulatory challenges and broader market trends. As geopolitical tensions continue to shape the landscape of AI chip exports, investors will likely remain vigilant, closely monitoring developments that could impact the fortunes of companies like Nvidia in the future.

In essence, Nvidia’s journey in the stock market serves as a poignant reminder of the delicate balance between innovation, regulation, and market dynamics in the ever-evolving world of technology.

Editorial Team
Editorial Team
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