Which Country has Highest No. of Semiconductor Fabs

It's notable how Taiwan( 77), despite having fewer fabs than Japan (102), holds a significant influence in the industry due to the TSMC's dominance in advanced semiconductor manufacturing.


The semiconductor industry plays a pivotal role in the development and advancement of various technological sectors, from consumer electronics to healthcare and automotive. As of the latest data, several countries are at the forefront of semiconductor manufacturing, hosting a significant number of fabrication plants. In this blog post, we will delve into the top semiconductor manufacturing countries based on the number of fabrication plants and explore the reasons behind their prominence.

A semiconductor fab, short for semiconductor fabrication facility, is a specialized manufacturing plant where semiconductor devices such as integrated circuits (ICs) are produced on silicon wafers through a series of intricate processes. These facilities are often referred to as “fabs” for short.

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Top Countries with Highest No. of Semiconductor Fabs

1. Japan ๐Ÿ‡ฏ๐Ÿ‡ต – Leading the Pack with 102 Fabrication Plants:

Japan holds a commanding position in the semiconductor manufacturing arena, boasting a total of 102 fabrication plants. The country’s longstanding history of innovation and technological excellence has contributed to its dominance in this field. Japanese semiconductor manufacturers are renowned for producing cutting-edge technologies and playing a vital role in the global supply chain.

2. Taiwan ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ผ – A Silicon Hub with 77 Fabrication Plants:

Taiwan has emerged as a key player in the semiconductor industry, hosting 77 fabrication plants. The island nation is home to some of the world’s leading semiconductor companies, including TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company), which is a major player in the global semiconductor market. Taiwan’s strategic position and focus on research and development have propelled it to the forefront of semiconductor manufacturing.

It’s notable how Taiwan, despite having fewer fabs than Japan, holds a significant influence in the industry due to the TSMC’s dominance in advanced semiconductor manufacturing. The geopolitical dynamics around semiconductor manufacturing are also becoming increasingly crucial, especially between the U.S. and China.

Read more: Why Intel is Not Considering to Build a Fab in India

3. USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ – Technological Innovation with 76 Fabrication Plants:

The United States, a global technology powerhouse, houses 76 semiconductor fabrication plants. Silicon Valley, located in California, is renowned as a hub for innovation and is home to many semiconductor giants. The U.S. semiconductor industry plays a crucial role in driving advancements in artificial intelligence, 5G technology, and other cutting-edge fields.

4. China ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ – Rapid Growth with 70 Fabrication Plants:

China has rapidly ascended the ranks in semiconductor manufacturing, currently hosting 70 fabrication plants. The Chinese government has invested heavily in the semiconductor industry as part of its broader strategy to become a global technology leader. With a focus on indigenous innovation, China aims to reduce its dependence on foreign-made chips and establish a self-sufficient semiconductor ecosystem.

Read More: What Happens in an OSAT Fab

5. Germany ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช – Precision Engineering with 20 Fabrication Plants:

Germany, known for its precision engineering and advanced manufacturing capabilities, hosts 20 semiconductor fabrication plants. German semiconductor manufacturers are recognized for their high-quality products and expertise in specialized niche markets. The country’s commitment to research and development has contributed to its success in semiconductor manufacturing.

6. South Korea ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท – Technological Advancements with 15 Fabrication Plants:

South Korea has made significant strides in semiconductor manufacturing, hosting 15 fabrication plants. Companies like Samsung and SK Hynix have played a crucial role in establishing South Korea as a major player in the global semiconductor market. The country’s focus on innovation and technological advancements has contributed to its success in the industry.

Read More: 10 Job Profiles in Semiconductor Chip Fabrication & Required Skill Sets

7. United Kingdom ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง, Malaysia ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ, Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ, Israel ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ – Emerging Players:

While the United Kingdom, Singapore, Malaysia, Netherlands, and Israel may have fewer fabrication plants compared to the top players, they are emerging as important contributors to the global semiconductor landscape. These countries are investing in research and development, fostering innovation, and creating favorable environments for semiconductor companies to thrive.


The global semiconductor manufacturing landscape is dynamic, with several countries playing pivotal roles in shaping the industry’s future. From established leaders like Japan and the United States to emerging players like China and Taiwan, each country brings its unique strengths and capabilities to the table. As technology continues to evolve, countries with Highest No. of Semiconductor Fabs is likely to witness further changes, with new entrants and innovations driving the next wave of advancements.

Editorial Team
Editorial Team
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